OVERVIEW ON INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON LIABILITY AND COMPENSATION FOR DAMAGE IN CONNECTION WITH THE CARRIAGE OF HAZARDOUS AND NOXIOUS SUBSTANCES BY SEA (HNS) 1996
The International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea (HNS) 1996 provides for the first time a legal international framework dedicated to pollution from hazardous and noxious substances carried by ships. The HNS 1996 is largely modelled after the CLC-IOPC Fund regime, with a system of liability/compensation on two tiers sharing the costs between the ship-owner and the cargo receiver. A Protocol to the Convention – 2010 HNS Protocol – was adopted with a view to introduce modifications that facilitate a faster entry into force of the Convention. The herein Article aims to present the main features of the 1996 HNS Convention.
I , as main author, declare and undersign, that the paper is an original and common work of me and all subsequent authors. The paper as a whole or part of it has not been published or submitted to other Journal. The right to publish the accepted paper is transferred to and owned by “Annals of Constanta Maritime University” Journal.